Pubblichiamo in inglese questo breve articolo della nostra amica e corrispondente da Kabul, Rohina Bawer che ci aggiorna su vecchie e nuove criticità nel suo paese. Da inviare a chi continua ad affermare “aiutiamoli a casa loro”. L’Italia, nel 2017, con 300 milioni di euro nelle missioni militari che sono rinnovate per quest’anno, contribuisce alla catastrofe umanitaria.
Over the course of the Afghan war the Taliban, Dahesh, Islamic fundamentalist groups, northern alliance warlords and the US military forces have repeatedly violated human rights and international humanitarian law by engaging in aerial bombardment, arbitrary executions, rape, stoning and persecution based on religion.
The Afghan situation has gone from bad to worse. As recently reported by the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) every day 1200 new people are displaced within their own country as a result of violence and conflict, which equals to 50 people per hour. In 2016 more than 1.2 million people had become displaced from their own villages in the pursuit of a safer place. Each year 300000 refugees return to Afghanistan, making up 7 out of 10 internally displaced people.
The United Nations Humanitarian Coordinator for Afghanistan, Toby Lanzer, in an interview with Tolonews, stated that: as violence spread across the country in 2017, many people became displaced internally because their districts were not safe to return. Accordingly, up to two million people are facing food shortage and need humanitarian aid which will increase with season changes.
According to the report by the World Bank and the Afghan Ministry of Economy, the country has 26% rate of unemployment, which equals to 1.9 million unemployed individuals, especially in rural areas.
The World Bank identifies two factors at the root of this unemployment rate: reduction of funds, and closure of major projects in the country.
According to the United Nations over 40% of Afghan citizens are living below the poverty line, and despite billions of dollars invested in the country, many Afghans are still living in an urgent need for water and sanitation services.
Afghanistan as a self-reliant country was never the plan of US and their allies: they built a state structure based on temporary projects. Over the past 16 years, widespread corruption and insecurity led this country to be in constant need. As Ghani stated in an interview with NBC TV: “from the resources perspective they are absolutely right: we will not be able to support our army for six months without U.S. support and U.S. capabilities”.
Every day 10 civilians are killed by an act of war and terror in the county. As documented by the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) in 2017 there have been 5243 civilian causalities of which 1662 deaths and 3581 injuries. 1577 were children: 436 deaths and 1141 injured, marking a one percent increase in child death and injuries compared to the first six months of 2016.
Ex-senator of Farah province Belquis Roshan stated that in 2017, in only six months, nearly 2000 families became internally displaced from Farah province due to the high level of insecurity in the area they had faced with severely vulnerable from delivery of assistance to the basic services.